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Drawing API

Drawing API that can specify what to draw via a kind of display list.

Example of the DrawingLayer use is eg. in svx/source/xoutdev/xtabhtch.cxx:121. A stripped down version with extended comments:

 // Create a hatch primitive (here a rectangle that will be filled with
 // the appropriate hatching, but has no border).
 // This will not draw it yet; it's so far only constructed to add it to a
 // display list later.
 const drawinglayer::primitive2d::Primitive2DReference aHatchPrimitive(
     new drawinglayer::primitive2d::PolyPolygonHatchPrimitive2D(...));

 // Create a rectangle around the hatch, to give it a border.
 const drawinglayer::primitive2d::Primitive2DReference aBlackRectanglePrimitive(
     new drawinglayer::primitive2d::PolygonHairlinePrimitive2D(...));

 // Here we want to render to a virtual device (to later obtain the bitmap
 // out of that), so prepare it.
 VirtualDevice aVirtualDevice;

 // Create processor and draw primitives, to get it ready for rendering.
 std::unique_ptr<drawinglayer::processor2d::BaseProcessor2D> pProcessor2D(

 // Fill-in the display list.
 drawinglayer::primitive2d::Primitive2DSequence aSequence(2);

 aSequence[0] = aHatchPrimitive;
 aSequence[1] = aBlackRectanglePrimitive;

 // Render it to the virtual device.

 // Obtain the bitmap that was rendered from the virtual device, to re-use
 // it in the widget.
 aRetval = aVirtualDevice.GetBitmap(Point(0, 0), aVirtualDevice.GetOutputSizePixel());

DrawingLayer Glossary

Primitives - classes that represent what should be drawn. It holds the data what to draw, but does not contain any kind of the rendering. Some of the primitives are ‘Basic primitives’, that are primitives that cannot be decomposed. The rest of the primitives can be decomposed to the basic primitives.

Decomposition - a way how to break down the more complicated primitives into the basic primitives, and represent them via them; this logically makes the plain Primitive2DSequence display list a hierarchy. Eg. PolygonMarkerPrimitive2D can be decomposed to 2 hairlines PolyPolygonHairlinePrimitive2D’s, each with different color.

Processor - a class that goes through the hierarchy of the Primitives, and renders it some way. Various processors, like VclPixelProcessor2D (renders to the screen), VclMetafileProcessor2D (renders to the VCL metafile, eg. for printing), etc.

How to Implement a New Primitive (“Something New to Draw”)

Where is DrawingLayer Used

Dumping DrawingLayer Primitives as XML

For debugging purposes, it is possible to dump the drawinglayer primitives as an xml file. The drawinglayer xml dump can show possible problems with the rendering.

For example, in emfio/qa/cppunit/emf/EmfImportTest.cxx, one can write:

Primitive2DSequence aSequence = parseEmf(u"emfio/qa/cppunit/wmf/data/stockobject.emf");
drawinglayer::Primitive2dXmlDump dumper;
Primitive2DContainer aContainer(aSequence);
dumper.dump(aContainer, "/tmp/drawyinglayer.xml");

Then, after invoking make CppunitTest_emfio_emf, /tmp/drawyinglayer.xml will be the dump of the drawinglayer primitives used to draw the emf file in LibreOffice. The top level tag will be .