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LibreOffice Android *******************

Bootstrap *********

Contains common code for all projects on Android to bootstrap LibreOffice. In addition it is a home to LibreOfficeKit (LOK - see libreofficekit/README) JNI classes.

stuff in source directory *************************

LibreOffice Android application - the code is based on Fennec (Firefox for Android). It uses OpenGL ES 2 for rendering of the document tiles which are gathered from LibreOffice using LOK. The application contains the LibreOffice core in one shared library: liblo-native-code.so, which is bundled together with the application.

Architecture and Threading **************************

The application implements editing support using 4 threads: 1. The Android UI thread, we can't perform anything here that would take a considerable amount of time. 2. An OpenGL thread which contains the OpenGL context and is responsible for drawing all layers (including tiles) to the screen. 3. A thread (LOKitThread), that performs LibreOfficeKit calls, which may take more time to complete. In addition it also receives events from the soffice thread (see below) when the callback emits an event. Events are stored in a blocking queue (thread processes events in FCFS order, goes to sleep when no more event is available and awakens when there are events in queue again). 4. A native thread created by LibreOfficeKit (we call it the soffice thread), where LibreOffice itself runs. It receives calls from LOKitThread, and may emit callback events as necessary.

LOKitThread ***********

LOKitThread (org.libreoffice.LOKitThread) communicates with LO via JNI (this can be done only for one thread) and processes events (defined in org.libreoffice.LOEvent) triggered from UI.

Application Overview ********************

LibreOfficeMainActivity (org.libreoffice.LibreOfficeMainActivity) is the entry point of the application - everything starts up and tears down from here (onCreate, onResume, onPause, onStart, onStop, onDestroy).

Document view -------------

From here on one of the most interesting pieces are the classes around document view, which includes listening to touch events, recalculating the viewport, tiled handling and rendering the layers to the document.

Viewport - the viewport is the currently visible part of the document. It is defined by view rectangle and zoom.

Layers - document view is rendered using many layers. Such layers are: document background, scroll handles, and also the document tiles.

Document view classes ---------------------

- LayerView (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.LayerView) is the document view of the application. It uses the SurfaceView (android.view.SurfaceView) as the main surface to draw on using OpenGL ES 2.

- GLController (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.GLController) - holder of the OpenGL context.

- RenderControllerThread (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.RenderControllerThread) executes the rendering requests through LayerRenderer.

- LayerRenderer (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.LayerRenderer) renders all the layers.

- GeckoLayerClient (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.GeckoLayerClient) is the middle man of the application, which connects all the bits together. It is the document view layer holder so the any management (including tiled rendering) usually go through this class. It listens to draw requests and viewport changes from PanZoomController (see "Touch events").

Touch events, scrolling and zooming -----------------------------------

The main class that handles the touch event, scrolling and zooming is JavaPanZoomController org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.JavaPanZoomController (implementation of PanZoomController interface). When the user performs a touch action, the document view needs to change, which means the viewport changes. JavaPanZoomController changes the viewport and signals the change through PanZoomTarget (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.PanZoomTarget).

TiledRendering --------------

Tiled rendering is a technique that splits the document to bitmaps of same size (typically 256x256) which are fetched on demand.

In the application the ComposedTileLayer (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.ComposedTileLayer) is the layer responsible for tracking and managing the tiles. Tiles are in this case also layers (sub layers?) implemented in SubTile (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.SubTile), where each one is responsible for one tile bitmap (actually OpenGL texture once it has been uploaded).

When the viewport changes, the request for tile rechecking is send to LOKitThread (see LOKitThread#tileReevaluationRequest), where the tiles are rechecked, add and removed if necessary.

CompositeTileLayer is actually an abstract class, which has two implementations. One is DynamicTileLayer (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.DynamicTileLayer), which is used for main tile view of the document, and FixedZoomTileLayer (org.mozilla.gecko.gfx.FixedZoomTileLayer), which just renders the tiles at a fixed zoom level. This is then used as a background low resolution layer.

Tile invalidation -----------------

Tile can change in LibreOffice when user changes the content (adds, removes text or changes the properties). In this case, an invalidation rectangle is signaled from LibreOffice, which includes a rectangle that needs to be invalidated. In this case LOKitThread gets this request via callback, and rechecks all tiles if they need to be invalidated. For more details see LOKitThread#tileInvalidation).

Editing *******

For editing there are 2 coarse tasks that the LibreOffice app must do: 1. send input events to LibreOffice core (keyboard, touch and mouse) 2. listen to messages (provided via callback) from LibreOffice core and react accordingly

In most cases when an input event happens and is send to the LO core, then a message from LO core follows. For example: when the user writes to the keyboard, key event is sent and a invalidation request from LO core follows. When user touches an image, a mouse event is sent, and a "new graphic selection" message from LO core follows.

All keyboard and touch events are send to LOKitThread as LOEvents. In LOKitThread they are processed and send to LibreOffice core. The touch events originate in JavaPanZoomController, the keyboard events in LOKitInputConnectionHandler (org.libreoffice.LOKitInputConnectionHandler), however there are other parts too - depending on the need.

InvalidationHandler (org.libreoffice.InvalidationHandler) is the class that is responsible to process messages from LibreOffice core and to track the state.

Overlay *******

Overlay elements like cursor and selections aren't drawn by the LO core, instead the core only provides data (cursor position, selection rectangles) and the app needs to draw them. DocumentOverlay (org.libreoffice.overlay.DocumentOverlay) and DocumentOverlayView (org.libreoffice.overlay.DocumentOverlayView) are the classes that provide the overlay over the document, where selections and the cursor is drawn.

Icons *****

App uses material design icons available at 1.

1 - https://www.google.com/design/icons/

Emulator and debugging notes ****************************

For instructions on how to build for Android, see README.cross.

* Getting something running

Attach your device, so 'adb devices' shows it. Then run:

cd android/source make install adb logcat

and if all goes well, you should have some nice debug output to enjoy when you start the app.

* Using the emulator

Create an AVD in the android UI, don't even try to get the data partition size right in the GUI, that is doomed to producing an AVD that doesn't work. Instead start it from the console:

LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$(pwd)/lib emulator-arm -avd -partition-size 500

where is the literal name of the AVD that you entered.

[ In order to have proper acceleration, you need the 32-bit libGL.so:

sudo zypper in Mesa-libGL-devel-32bit

and run emulator-arm after the installation. ]

Then you can run ant/adb as described above.

After a while of this loop you might find that you have lost a lot of space on your emulator's or device's /data volume. You can do:

adb shell stop; adb shell start

Debugging ---------

First of all, you need to configure the build with --enable-debug or --enable-dbgutil. You may want to provide --enable-selective-debuginfo too, like --enable-selective-debuginfo="sw/" or so, in order to fit into the memory during linking.

Building with all symbols is also possible but the linking is currently slow (around 10 to 15 minutes) and you need lots of memory (around 16GB + some swap).

* Using ndk-gdb

Direct support for using ndk-gdb has been removed from the build system. It is recommended that you give the lldb debugger a try that has the benefit of being nicely integrated into Android Studio (see below for instructions). If you nevertheless want to continue using ndk-gdb, use the following steps that are described in more detail here: https://stackoverflow.com/a/10539883

- add android:debuggable="true" to AndroidManifest.xml - push gdbserver to device, launch and attach to application - forward debugging port from host to device - launch matching gdb on host and run following setup commands: - set solib-search-path obj/local/ - file obj/local//liblo-native-code.so - target remote :

Pretty printers aren't loaded automatically due to the single shared object, but you can still load them manually. E.g. to have a pretty-printer for rtl::OString, you need:

(gdb) python sys.path.insert(0, "/master/solenv/gdb") (gdb) source /master/instdir/program/libuno_sal.so.3-gdb.py

* Using Android Studio (and thus lldb)

Note that lldb might not yield the same results as ndk-gdb. If you suspect a problem with lldb, you can try to manually use ndk-gdb as described above. Using lldb from within Android Studio is more comfortable though and works like this:

- open android/source/build.gradle in Android Studio via File|New → Import Project - make sure you select the right build variant (strippedUIDebug is what you want) - use Run|Edit Configurations to create a new configuration of type "Android Native" - on tab "General" pick module "source" - on tab "Native Debugger" add android/source/obj/local/ to the Symbol directories

Then you can select your new configuration and use Run | Debug to launch it. Note that lldb doesn't initially stop execution, so if you want to add breakpoints using lldb prompt, you manually have to pause execution, then you can switch to the lldb tab and add your breakpoints. However making use of the editor just using File|Open .. to open the desired file in Android Studio and then toggling the breakpoint by clicking on the margin is more comfortable.

* Debugging the Java part

Open android/source/build.gradle in Android studio via File|New → Import Project and you can use Android Studio's debugging interface. Just make sure you pick the correct build variant (strippedUIDebug)

The alternative is to use the jdb command-line debugger. Steps to use it:

1) Find out the JDWP ID of a debuggable application:

adb jdwp

From the list of currently active JDWP processes, the last number is the just started debuggable application.

2) Forward the remote JDWP port/process ID to a local port:

adb forward tcp:7777 jdwp:31739

3) Connect to the running application:

jdb -sourcepath src/java/ -attach localhost:7777

Assuming that you're already in the LOAndroid3 directory in your shell.

* Debugging the missing services

Android library only include essential services that are compiled for LibreOffice in order to reduce the size of the apk. When developing, some services might become useful and we should add those services to the combined library.

In order to identify missing services, we need to be able to receive SAL_INFO from cppuhelper/source/shlib.cxx in logcat and therefore identify what services are missing. To do so, you may want add the following when configuring the build.

--enable-selective-debuginfo="cppuhelper/ sal/"

Which services are combined in the android lib is determined by

solenv/bin/native-code.py

* Common Errors / Gotchas

lo_dlneeds: Could not read ELF header of /data/data/org.libreoffice...libfoo.so This (most likely) means that the install quietly failed, and that the file is truncated; check it out with adb shell ls -l /data/data/....

* Startup details

All Android apps are basically Java programs. They run "in" a Dalvik (or on Android 5 or newer - ART) virtual machine. Yes, you can also have apps where all *your* code is native code, written in a compiled language like C or C++. But also such apps are actually started by system-provided Java bootstrapping code (NativeActivity) running in a Dalvik VM.

Such a native app (or actually, "activity") is not built as a executable program, but as a shared object. The Java NativeActivity bootstrapper loads that shared object with dlopen.

Anyway, our current "experimental" apps are not based on NativeActivity. They have normal Java code for the activity, and just call out to a single, app-specific native library (called liblo-native-code.so) to do all the heavy lifting.